The oldest PERSIAN hand woven carpet in the world was discovered by Rudenko ,the Russian archaeologist , in 1949 at the perisarc reign and called perisarc carpet.
At 1953, Rudenko published a book and explained in details about this carpet and clearly, he called perisarc carpet the oldest carpet in all over the world.
"It is hard to specify that this carpet belongs to Medians territory or Parthian's, but it belongs to Fourth or beginning fifth century B.C.
Considering the design of perisarc carpet; the horse riders have no saddles on their horses but there are carpets instead, and this is the specification of ASSYRIANS, However, the way of twisting their horses' tails with its variations in details are similar to Persepolis BAS-RELIEVOS." he mentioned.
At the domination of Mongolian dynasty in IRAN at 13th and 14th century A.D., Iranian-weaving carpets had a brilliant period.
The Iranian weaving carpets improvement era was coincided by the governorship of GHAZAN KHAN (1295 - 1307A.D.)
The Iranian weaving carpets' Renaissance took place at the governorship of SHAH TAHMASP (1524-1587) and continued to SHAH ABBAS, THE GREAT (1587-1629). Now there are more than 300 pieces of carpets and rugs in International museums across the world.
At this period of time, Carpets and rugs studios established at the adjacent of the palaces and in some other cities Like Tabriz, Isfahan, Kashan, Mashad, Kerman, Joushghan, Yazd , Astar Abad, Harat, Shirvan, Qareh Bagh, Gilan and others.
At this era, Medallion design introduced. But after the occupation of IRAN by Afghan forces (1722-1730) the carpet industry degraded.
At 19th century the unique Iranian carpets, which were wove at Tabriz became so popular.
European countries sent some delegations to IRAN in order to buy some and gathering this one of a kind treasury and then they send it to Constantinople (Istanbul) which was the main carpet's market.
At 1883, British companies (Ziegler), then American And German companies established some studios in Tabriz, Arak, Kerman. this process stopped by World War I at 1914.